Dementia may be a word we give to a group of symptoms affecting different aspects of thinking and brain function. They worsen over time and affect the way we live our lives. Dementia is not a normal part of aging whether it is the result of physical diseases that damage the brain. Everything that we who are our personalities, intelligence, emotion, hopes, and fears are driven by this incredible organ.
Causes of Dementia
The brain is the most complex structure within the known universe. In intricate networks of brain cells, bundles of nerve fibers, and hundreds of miles of blood vessels all work in careful unison to keep us ticking every day. Every second of our lives nerve cells in the brain are firing but when these cells become damaged and the connection starts to break down a person can develop dementia.
The area of the brain where this damage occurs determines the symptoms of individual experiences. If nerve cells in the back of the brain are damaged the person’s vision might be affected and they may have trouble reading words or climbing stairs. If nerve cells on the side of the brain are damaged communication and language skills can change.
There are four main diseases that cause dementia. The symptoms of these can overlap sometimes making them difficult to tell apart while each disease has characteristics symptoms can change from person to person on which is betraying the disease is affecting.
1. Alzheimer’s Disease Causes Dementia
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia often one of the first areas of the brain to be affected by Alzheimer’s is Hippocampus. The Hippocampus controls aspects of our memory and navigation so forgetfulness and getting lost are usually a number of the primary symptoms of Alzheimer’s. In Alzheimer’s nerve cells are damaged by a build-up of two proteins in the brain Amyloid and Tau these proteins are present in all of our brains but in Alzheimer’s behave and usually and begin to clump together. Researchers are still trying to understand what triggers this but it’s likely to be a mix of age genetics and other factors such as poor heart health. The build-up of harmful proteins is additionally a key think about other diseases behind the condition like dementia with Lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia.
Symptoms of Dementia with Alzheimer’s
- Memory Loss
- Personality Changes
- Communication Difficulties
- Reasoning Problems
- Getting Lost
Factors that increase the risk of Dementia
- Family History
- Apoe E4
Factors to reduce risk in Dementia
- APOE E2
- Mediterranean type diet (fruits, veggies, fish)
- Higher physical activity
2. Frontotemporal Dementia
This damage spreads from one area of the brain to another as the condition progresses of symptoms get worse over time and people begin to find more aspects of day-to-day life difficult. Dementia with Lewy bodies can affect different areas of the brain resulting in a spread of symptoms including.
Symptoms of Dementia with this
- Personality Changes
- Lack of Social Awareness
- Changes in food preferences
- Overeating or overdrinking
- Behavior Change
- Difficulty making Plans
- Language Problems
- Losing Interest in People
- Lack of personal awareness
3. Dementia with Lewy Bodies
The processes involved in dementia with Lewy bodies are similar to those involved in Parkinson’s disease and people with dementia with Lewy bodies can also develop Parkinson-like symptoms such as shaking and slowed movement.
Symptoms of Dementia with Lewy Bodies
- Changes in attention
- Sleep problem Hallucinations
- Shaking and Slow movement
4. Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia can occur after someone has had a stroke or the blood vessels in their brain are in poor health. While the opposite diseases that cause dementia spread steadily through the brain over time vascular dementia can progress and distinct steps after an occasion like a stroke slowing a person’s ability to think plan and concentrate. Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for any of the diseases that cause dementia and no treatments that can slow or stop the spread of these diseases through the brain. Researchers everywhere on the planet are trying to find new ways to tackle these diseases and protect precious nerve cells. Their work has the facility to supply new hope to many individuals and families whose lives are suffering from dementia.
Symptoms of Vascular Dementia
- Slowing a person’s ability to think
- Pay attention becomes difficult
- Planing making is difficult
As dementia is not a part of aging it is caused by some diseases which damage our brain functionalities. We should take proper care of patients or person who has dementia either aged people or young adult. Dementia may be the cause of many diseases that directly affect the brain. We have to take proper action while affecting other diseases not to hamper the brain.
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